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Main Street Mercantile Coffee Georgetown CA

Lighter vs Darker Coffee. What’s The Difference Between The Same Coffee At A Different Roast?

Lighter vs darker coffee

Lighter vs darker coffee. What’s the difference between a light roast and darker roast of the very same bean?

One of the things we offer is the ability to create your own blend. An advanced version of this is when you want to try different degrees of roast.

The lighter the roast, the more you maintain the nature of origin, the terroir. Lighter roasts maintain the origin characteristics such as elevation, minerals, and sun exposure, akin to wine’s terroir effect. Coffee because its a crop, is the same, you can taste the environment, the land, as well as the varietal of bean.

Lighter roasted coffee also offers a naturally sweeter cup preserving the floral, citrus, herbs, chocolate, notes of the original fruit.

However, potential pitfalls of a too lightly roasted coffee include insipidness, with a taste of cereal, WAY Under-roasted coffee will be too bright and sour. You don’t want that. You do want to enter the realm of caramelizing sugars.

Lighter vs darker coffee: What happens if you take coffee too dark?

The darker a coffee is roasted, you begin to mute those pleasant environmental attributes while gaining greater body, balance. You begin to taste the nature of the process. Balance begins where you have no more cereal taste while enhancing the citrus, chocolate, or floral notes. A medium roast is just that, somewhere inside not too much in either direction. Charred or bitter is going too far. At that point you’ve replace all the nature of the bean for the process.

Medium is the point where the sugars begin to caramelize, called the Maillard reaction. Its exactly the same thing that makes steaks wonderful, cookies, bread, Cracker Jacks, creme brulé. The sugars brown and add a dimension of flavor. Its a small window but before you begin to pick up the flavor of burnt sugar, what you keep acquiring along the way is a bigger body (at the cost of the original nature.

At some point it doesn’t matter what coffee you started with, you can’t taste it anymore because now all you taste is the process. All you’ll taste is bitter char. So if you love steak, for instance and coffee, you just don’t get anywhere near that point. This is lighter vs darker coffee roasting. Within a zone you can get different qualities out of the very same coffee.

You’ll also see a big difference in oil on the coffee. Darker roasts exhibit more immediate oil sweating compared to lighter roasts, leading to a visually distinct appearance. A darker coffee roast will sweat the oils in a few days. The darker the roast the more immediately you see the oils appear. It’s a balance.

In fact it’s very common to blend a coffee to itself! Yes! you get the wonderful regional nature on one end, and the bite of a darker roast on the other end simply by blending two batches of the very same bean together with itself!

You’ll also notice that coffee expands as it gets darker. Raw coffee is kind of small, like a split pea. As it roasts the cell structure expands. It continues to expand as you begin to approach too dark. Next time you’re shopping for coffee notice that a one pound light or medium roast is physically smaller than a one pound dark roast.

Voila! Now you know some differences between the taste and appearance of a lighter and darker roast. …Additionally, there’s the speed of roast fast vs drawn out. Curious? just ask.

How you like to try creating a blend of your very own?